The horological industry in the 20th century

September 14th, 14:00 – 15:00

Mainly because of the many clock factories – primarily in Black Forest and in the Baar region – Germany remained for much of the 20th century the leader in exporting clocks. However, during the period of the two world wars the share of the horological industry in the overall economy began to shrink. After the separation into two countries the horological industries in both temporarily grew and prospered. Starting in the 1970s they both collapsed as quartz and plastic replaced mechanics in timekeeping. By the time of the reunification in 1990 clock manufacturing in Germany had practically ended.

Johannes Graf


After studying German, History and Journalism, he received a Ph.D. in 1994. From 1995 to 1998 first as a volunteer, then as a staff member of the Braunschweigisches Nationalmuseum.1998 – 2000 In charge of the reinterpretation of the municipal museum Schloss Wolfsburg which won the Niedersächsische Museumspreis in 2001. Since 2000 Staff Historian of the Deutsches Uhrenmuseum Furtwangen. Responsible for numerous and varied publications and exhibitions relating to the history of timekeeping.